Valentine's Day (TC-2)

TCVD1

TCVD2We all know what Valentine’s day is right?

Every February 14, across the United States and in other places around the world, candy, flowers, and gifts are exchanged between “loved’ ones. It all started because of St Valentine. Let’s start with a few facts and then we’ll get more into the history of Valentine’s Day.

1. In Victorian times it was considered bad luck to sign a Valentine’s card.

2. Based on statistics, about three percent of pet owners will give gifts to their pets on this day.

3. About one billion Valentine’s Day cards are exchanged each year.This makes it the second largest seasonal card sending time of the year.

4. There are enough candy hearts made each year to stretch from Valentine,Arizona to Rome,Italy, and back again. The number of these candy hearts produced is approximately eight billion.

Origin of Valentine’s Day:

Some believe that Valentine’s Day is celebrated in the middle of February to remember the anniversary of Valentine’s death, which probably happened around the third century AD.

While also some others claim that the Christian Church may have decided to Place St Valentine’s feast day in the middle of February in the effort to “Christianize” the pagan celebration of Lupercalia. Lupercalia was a fertility festival dedicated to Faunus, the roman god of Architecture, as well as to the Roman founders Romulus and Remus.

To begin the festival, members of the Luperci, an order of Roman priests, would gather at a sacred cave where the infants Romulus and Remus, founders of Rome, were thought to have been cared by a self wof or lupa (which is just another word for a female wolf). The priests would sacrifice a goat, for fertility, and a dog, for purification. They would then strep the goat into strips, dip them into the sacrificial blood and take it to the streets, gently slapping both women and crop fields with the goat hide. Far from being fearful, Roman women welcomed the touch of the hides because it was believed to make them more fertile in the coming year.

Later in the day, according to legend, all the young women in the city would place their names in a big urn (an urn is a tall, rounded vase with a base, and mostly often a stem, especially one that’s used for storing the ashes of a cremated person). The city’s bachelors would each choose a name and become paired for the year with his chosen woman. The matches often ended in marriage.

How did the day get it’s name?

The day gets its name from a famous Saint, but there are several stories of who he was. The most popular belief about St Valentine is that he was a priest from Rome in the third century AD.Emperor Claudius II had banned marriage because he thought married men were bad soldiers. Valentine felt this was unfair, so he then decided to go against Claudius’s wishes,broke the rules, and arranged marriages in secret.

When Claudius found out, Valentine was then sent to jail and then was later executed.

The Jailer asked whether his daughter, Julia, could be brought to Valentinus for lessons.Julia had been blind since birth.Julia was a pretty young girl with a quick mind.He then read stories of Rome’s history to her. He described the Nature to her, told her about God.She saw the world through his eyes, trusted his wisdom, and found comfort in him. He had then fallen in love with her. They prayed together and then all of a sudden she could see.

When he was taken to get executed on February 14th, that same day he sent the jailer’s daughter a love letter urging her to stay close to God and signed “from your Valentine”, and then it happened all from there.It has been said that Julia planted a pink-blossomed almond tree near his grave.Today, the almond tree remains a symbol of abiding love and friendship.

Background information of St Valentine:

He was a well recognized third century Roman Saint. He was born 226 AD in Terni , and unfortunately was executed on February 14 269 AD. He was then buried in Dublin,Ireland. Due to not so much is reliably known of him, in 1969 the Catholic Church removed his name from the General Roman Calendar, only leaving his liturgical celebration to local calendars.Although, the Roman Catholic Church still continues to recognize him as a saint.

Saints are certainly expected to keep busy in the afterlife. Their holy duties include interceding in the earthly affairs and entertaining petitions from living souls. In this, St Valentine has wide-ranging spiritual responsibilities. People call on him to watch over the lives of lovers (DUH!!) but also for interventions regarding beekeeping and epilepsy, as well as the plague, fainting, and traveling. He’s also the patron saint of engaged couples and happy marriages.

How did Valentine’s Day Start?

Having a particular Valentine’s day was and still is a very old tradition, thought to have originated from a Roman festival. The Roman had a festival called Lupercalia in the middle of February (officially the start of their springtime). As part of the celebrations, boys drew names of girls from a box. They’d then be boyfriend and girlfriend during the festival and sometimes it would go as far as getting married. Later on, the church wanted to turn this festival into a Christian celebration and decided it to also be a day in which they’d use it to remember St Valentine too. Gradually, St Valentine’s name started to be used by people to express their feelings to those they loved.

Customs:

Some traditions when it comes to Valentine’s Day :

Valentine’s Day is a festival of romance that celebrates love and relationships.

It's a tradition in where it’s mostly a day in which cards,chocolates,roses, and gifts are given to your so called ‘loved ones’ and spending time with them as well.

School children also often exchange Valentine’s Cards with candy.

Decorations also feature Cupid and his arrows,doves, and hearts.

Cupid became a symbol of Valentine’s Day due to the fact that he is the Roman god associated with the erotic, passionate type of love. His arrows cause his targets to fall in love (or so they say…)

Valentine’s day also has some religious celebrations which may feature church services or feasts.

On each February 14th, Saint Valentine’s Day, messages of affection,love, and devotion are exchanged all around the world.

Valentine’s greetings:

Other than the United States, Valentine's Day is celebrated in Canada, Mexico, the United Kingdom, France, and Australia. In Great Britain, Valentine’s Day began to be popularly celebrated around the 17th century. 

By the middle of the 18th century, it was very common for friends and lovers of all social classes to exchange small tokens of affection or any love handwritten notes, and then by 1900 printed cards began to replace written cards due to improvements in printing technology. Ready-made cards were a more easy way for people to express their emotions in a time when direct expression of one’s feelings was discouraged. Cheaper postage rates also contributed to an increase in the popularity of sending Valentine’s Day greetings.

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